Selected cited Steering Cognition research literature


Alter, Adam L.; Oppenheimer, Daniel M.; Epley, Nicholas; Eyre, Rebecca N. (2007): Overcoming intuition: Metacognitive difficulty activates analytic reasoning. In Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (4), pp. 569–576. DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.136.4.569.

Amsel, Eric; Klaczynski, Paul A.; Johnston, Adam; Bench, Shane; Close, Jason; Sadler, Eric; Walker, Rick (2008): A dual-process account of the development of scientific reasoning: The nature and development of metacognitive intercession skills. In Cognitive Development 23 (4), pp. 452–471. DOI: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2008.09.002.

Ball, Linden J.; Phillips, Peter; Wade, Caroline N.; Quayle, Jeremy D. (2006): Effects of Belief and Logic on Syllogistic Reasoning. In Experimental Psychology 53 (1), pp. 77–86. DOI: 10.1027/16183169.53.1.77.

Banich, Marie T. (2009): Executive Function: The Search for an Integrated Account. In Current Directions in Psychological Science 18 (2), pp. 89–94. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2009.01615.x.

Bargh, J. A.; Morsella, E. (2008): The Unconscious Mind. In Perspectives on Psychological Science 3 (1), pp. 73–79. DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6916.2008.00064.x.

Bargh, John A. (2006): What have we been priming all these years? On the development, mechanisms, and ecology of nonconscious social behavior. In Eur. J. Soc. Psychol. 36 (2), pp. 147– 168. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.336.

Bargh, John A.; Chen, Mark; Burrows, Lara (1996): Automaticity of social behavior: Direct effects of trait construct and stereotype activation on action. In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 71 (2), pp. 230–244. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.71.2.230.

Bargh, John A.; Gollwitzer, Peter M.; Lee-Chai, Annette; Barndollar, Kimberly; Trötschel, Roman (2001): The automated will: Nonconscious activation and pursuit of behavioral goals. In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 81 (6), pp. 1014–1027. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.81.6.1014.

Bargh, John A.; Schwader, Kay L.; Hailey, Sarah E.; Dyer, Rebecca L.; Boothby, Erica J. (2012): Automaticity in social-cognitive processes. In Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (12), pp. 593–605. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.10.002.

Bargh J., Chen M., Burrows L. (1996): Automaticity of Social Behavior: Direct Effects of Trait Construct and Stereotype Activation on Action. In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 71 (2), pp. 230–244.

Bauer, Isabelle, M.; Baumeister, Roy, F. (2011): Self Regulatory Strength. In : Handbook of Self Regulation. Research, Theory and Applications, pp. 64–78.
Baumeister, Roy F.; Bratslavsky, Ellen; Muraven, Mark; Tice, Dianne M. (1998): Ego depletion: Is the active self a limited resource?, Vol 74(5), May 1998, 1252-1265. In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74 (5), pp. 1252–1265.

Baumeister, Roy F.; Vohs, Kathleen D. (Eds.) (2004): Handbook of self-regulation. Research, theory, and applications. New York: Guilford Press.

Blair, Clancy (2002): School readiness. Integrating cognition and emotion in a neurobiological conceptualization of children’s functioning at school entry. In The American psychologist 57 (2), pp. 111–127.

Bull, R.; Scerif, G. (2001): Executive functioning as a predictor of children’s mathematics ability: inhibition, switching, and working memory. In Dev Neuropsychol 19 (3), pp. 273–293. DOI: 10.1207/S15326942DN1903_3.

Burgess, Paul W.; Alderman, Nick; Forbes, Catrin; Costello, Angela; Coates, Laure M-A; Dawson, Deirdre R. et al. (2006): The case for the development and use of “ecologically valid” measures of executive function in experimental and clinical neuropsychology. In J Int Neuropsychol Soc 12 (2), pp. 194–209. DOI: 10.1017/S1355617706060310.

Decety, Jean; Grèzes, Julie (2006): The power of simulation: imagining one’s own and other’s behavior. In Brain Res. 1079 (1), pp. 4–14. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2005.12.115.

Decety, Jean; Sommerville, Jessica A. (2003): Shared representations between self and other: a social cognitive neuroscience view. In Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (12), pp. 527–533. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2003.10.004.

Demetriou, A. (2000): Organisation and development of self-understanding and self-regulation. In M. Zeidner (Ed.): Handbook of Self-Regulation. San Diego: CA:Academic, pp. 209–251.

Derakshan, Eysenck (2010): Emotional states, attention, and working memory. A special issue of cognition & emotion. Hove: Psychology Press (Cognition & emotion. Special Issue).

Doyen, Stéphane; Klein, Olivier; Pichon, Cora-Lise; Cleeremans, Axel; Lauwereyns, Jan (2012): Behavioral Priming: It’s All in the Mind, but Whose Mind? In PLoS ONE 7 (1), pp. e29081. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029081.

Duncan, John; McLeod, Peter.; Phillips, Louise (2005): Measuring the mind. Speed, control, and age / edited by John Duncan, Louise Phillips, Peter McLeod. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eisenberg, N.; Fabes, R. A.; Guthrie, I. K.; Reiser, M. (2000): Dispositional emotionality and regulation: their role in predicting quality of social functioning. In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 78 (1), pp. 136–157.

Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Eggum, Natalie D. (2010): Emotion-related self-regulation and its relation to children’s maladjustment. In Annual review of clinical psychology 6, pp. 495–525. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131208.

Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Fabes, Richard A.; Smith, Cynthia L.; Reiser, Mark; Shepard, Stephanie A. et al. (2003): The relations of effortful control and ego control to children’s resiliency and social functioning. In Dev Psychol 39 (4), pp. 761–776.

Eisenberg N.; Damon w.; Lerner. (Eds.) (2006): Handbook of Child Psychology. New York: Wiley.

Elliott, R. (2003): Executive functions and their disorders. In British Medical Bulletin 65 (1), pp. 49–59. DOI: 10.1093/bmb/65.1.49.

Etkin, Amit; Egner, Tobias; Peraza, Daniel M.; Kandel, Eric R.; Hirsch, Joy (2006): Resolving Emotional Conflict: A Role for the Rostral Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Modulating Activity in the Amygdala. In Neuron 51 (6), pp. 871–882. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2006.07.029.

Euston, David R.; Gruber, Aaron J.; McNaughton, Bruce L. (2012): The role of medial prefrontal cortex in memory and decision making. In Neuron 76 (6), pp. 1057–1070. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.12.002.

Evans, Jonathan; Frankish, Keith (2009): In two minds. Dual processes and beyond. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Evans, Jonathan. (2006): The heuristic-analytic theory of reasoning: Extension and evaluation. In Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 13 (3), pp. 378–395. DOI: 10.3758/BF03193858.

Evans, J. S. B. T.; Stanovich, K. E. (2013): Dual-Process Theories of Higher Cognition: Advancing the Debate. In Perspectives on Psychological Science 8 (3), pp. 223–241. DOI: 10.1177/1745691612460685.

Evans, Jonathan St. B. T. (2010): Thinking twice. Two minds in one brain / Jonathan St B T Evans. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fernandez-Duque, Diego; Baird, Jodie A.; Posner, Michael I. (2000): Executive Attention and Metacognitive Regulation. In Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2), pp. 288–307. DOI: 10.1006/ccog.2000.0447.

Fisk, Arthur D.; Schneider, Walter (1984): Memory as a function of attention, level of processing, and automatization. In Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 10 (2), pp. 181–197. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.10.2.181.

Gigerenzer, G. (2008): Why Heuristics Work. In Perspectives on Psychological Science 3 (1), pp. 20– 29. DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6916.2008.00058.x.

Gigerenzer, Gerd; Hertwig, Ralph; Pachur, Thorsten (2011): Heuristics: Oxford University Press.

Gigerenzer, Gerd.; Todd, Peter M. (1999): Simple heuristics that make us smart. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press (Evolution and cognition).

Gilbert, Sam J.; Frith, Christopher D.; Burgess, Paul W. (2005): Involvement of rostral prefrontal cortex in selection between stimulus-oriented and stimulus-independent thought. In European Journal of Neuroscience 21 (5), pp. 1423–1431. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.03981.x.

Grove, David J.; Panzer, B. I. (1989): Resolving traumatic memories. Metaphors and symbols in psychotherapy. New York: Irvington Publishers.

Halberstadt, Amy G.; Denham, Susanne A.; Dunsmore, Julie C. (2001): Affective Social Competence. In Social Development 10 (1), pp. 79–119. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9507.00150.

Halford, Graeme S.; Cowan, Nelson; Andrews, Glenda (2007): Separating cognitive capacity from knowledge: a new hypothesis. In Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (6), pp. 236–242. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2007.04.001.

Halford, Graeme S.; Wilson, William H.; Phillips, Steven (2010): Relational knowledge: the foundation of higher cognition. In Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11), pp. 497–505. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2010.08.005.

Halloran, Roberta Kathryn (2011): Self-regulation, executive function, working memory, and academic achievement of female high school students. In ETD Collection for Fordham University, pp. 1–139. Available online at

Hofer, Claire; Eisenberg, Nancy; Reiser, Mark (2010): The Role of Socialization, Effortful Control, and Ego Resiliency in French Adolescents’ Social Functioning. In J Res Adolesc 20 (3), pp. 555–582. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00650.x.

Human Ecology Education (6/19/2015): The Tribe Effect. UK. Available online at

Human Ecology Eduction (2015): AS Tracking Technical data. Customer File.

Kahneman, D.; Tversky, A. (1973): On the psychology of prediction. In Psychological Review 80 (4), pp. 237–251.

Kahneman, Daniel (2003): A perspective on judgment and choice: Mapping bounded rationality. In American Psychologist 58 (9), pp. 697–720. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.58.9.697.

Kahneman, Daniel (2011): Thinking, fast and slow. 1st ed. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Kahneman, Daniel; Slovic, Paul; Tversky, Amos (1982): Judgment under uncertainty. Heuristics and biases. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.

King, Kevin M.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Monahan, Kathryn C. (2013): Individual differences in the development of self-regulation during pre-adolescence: connections to context and adjustment. In Journal of abnormal child psychology 41 (1), pp. 57–69. DOI: 10.1007/s10802-012-9665-0.

Kopp, Richard R.; Craw, Michael Jay (1998): Metaphoric language, metaphoric cognition, and cognitive therapy. In Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training 35 (3), pp. 306–311. DOI: 10.1037/h0087795.

Lakoff, George (1987): Women, fire, and dangerous things. What categories reveal about the mind / George Lakoff. Chicago, London: University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, George; Turner, Mark (1989): More than cool reason. A field guide to poetic metaphor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lavin, Claudio; Melis, Camilo; Mikulan, Ezequiel; Gelormini, Carlos; Huepe, David; Ibañez, Agustin (2013): The anterior cingulate cortex: an integrative hub for human socially-driven interactions. In Front. Neurosci. 7. DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00064.

Lawley, James; Tompkins, Penny (2000): Metaphors in mind. Transformation through symbolic modelling. London: Developing Company Press.

LeDoux, J. E. (2000): Emotion circuits in the brain. In Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 23, pp. 155–184. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.neuro.23.1.155.

Lieberman, Matthew D. (2007): The X- and C-Systems: The Neural Basis of Automatic and Controlled Social Cognition. In Eddie

Harmon-Jones, Piotr Winkielman (Eds.): Social neuroscience. Integrating biological and psychological explanations of social behavior. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 290–315.

Mayr, Ulrich; Keele, Steven W. (2001): Changing internal constraints on action: The role of backward inhibition. In Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol 134(3), Aug 2005, 343-367. 129 (1), pp. 4–26.

Miyake, A.; Friedman, N. P.; Emerson, M. J.; Witzki, A. H.; Howerter, A.; Wager, T. D. (2000): The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “Frontal Lobe” tasks: a latent variable analysis. In Cogn Psychol 41 (1), pp. 49–100. DOI: 10.1006/cogp.1999.0734.

Monsell, Stephen (2003): Task switching. In Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (3), pp. 134–140. DOI: 10.1016/S1364-6613(03)00028-7.

Neys, W. de (2010): Heuristic Bias, Conflict, and Rationality in Decision-Making. In Britta Glatzeder, Vinod Goel, Müller, Albrecht A C von (Eds.): Towards a theory of thinking. Building blocks for conceptual framework. Heidelberg, New York: Springer (On thinking), pp. 23–33.

Neys, W. de; Glumicic, Tamara (2008): Conflict monitoring in dual process theories of thinking. In Cognition 106 (3), pp. 1248–1299. DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2007.06.002.

Neys W. (2006): Automatic–heuristic and executive–analytic processing during reasoning: Chronometric and dual-task considerations. In The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (6), pp. 1070–1100. DOI: 10.1080/02724980543000123

Panksepp, Jaak (2003): At the interface of the affective, behavioral, and cognitive neurosciences: Decoding the emotional feelings of the brain. In Brain and Cognition 52 (1), pp. 4–14. DOI: 10.1016/S0278-2626(03)00003-4.

Panksepp, Jaak, & Panksepp, Jules (2000): The Seven Sins of Evolutionary Psychology. In Evolution and Cognition 6 (2), pp. 108–131.

Paul W. Burgess, Jon S. Simons, Iroise (2005): The gateway hypothesis of The gateway hypothesis of rostral prefrontal cortex (area 10) function. Measuring the mind: Speed, control, and age / edited by John Duncan, Louise Phillips, Peter McLeod. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Polanyi, Michael (1958): Personal knowledge. Towards a post-critical philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Polanyi, Michael (1966): The tacit dimension. 1st ed. Garden City N.Y: Doubleday (Terry lectures, 1962).

Preston, Alison R.; Eichenbaum, Howard (2013): Interplay of Hippocampus and Prefrontal Cortex in Memory. In Current Biology 23 (17), pp. R764. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.05.041.

Pronin, Emily (2009): The Introspection Illusion. In, vol. 41: Elsevier (Advances in Experimental Social Psychology), pp. 1–67.

Rawson, Katherine A.; Middleton, Erica L. (2009): Memory-based processing as a mechanism of automaticity in text comprehension. In Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 35 (2), pp. 353–370. DOI: 10.1037/a0014733.

Restivo, L.; Vetere, G.; Bontempi, B.; Ammassari-Teule, M. (2009): The Formation of Recent and Remote Memory Is Associated with Time-Dependent Formation of Dendritic Spines in the Hippocampus and Anterior Cingulate Cortex. In Journal of Neuroscience 29 (25), pp. 8206–8214. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0966-09.2009.

Rothbart, M. K.; Ahadi, S. A.; Evans, D. E. (2000a): Temperament and personality: origins and outcomes. In J Pers Soc Psychol 78 (1), pp. 122–135.

Rothbart, M. K.; Ahadi, S. A.; Evans, D. E. (2000b): Temperament and personality: origins and outcomes. In J Pers Soc Psychol 78 (1), pp. 122–135.

Rothbart, Mary K.; Bates, John E. (2007): Temperament. In William Damon, Richard M. Lerner (Eds.): Handbook of Child Psychology. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Sallquist, Julie Vaughan; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Reiser, Mark; Hofer, Claire; Zhou, Qing et al. (2009): Positive and negative emotionality: trajectories across six years and relations with social competence. In Emotion 9 (1), pp. 15–28. DOI: 10.1037/a0013970.

Schacter, Daniel L. (2012): Adaptive constructive processes and the future of memory. In Am Psychol 67 (8), pp. 603–613. DOI: 10.1037/a0029869.

Schacter, Daniel L., Addis, Donna Rose and Buckner, Randy L. (2007): Remembering The Past To Imagine The Future: The Prospective Brain. In Nature reviews Neuroscience 8 (9), pp. 657–661.

Schneider, W. (2003): Controlled & automatic processing: behavior, theory, and biological mechanisms. In Cognitive Science 27 (3), pp. 525–559. DOI: 10.1016/S0364-0213(03)00011-9.

Schneider, W.; Shiffrin, R. M. (1977): Controlled and automatic human information processing. I. Detection, search, and attention. In Psychological Review 84 (1), pp. 1–66.

Siegelman, Ellen. (1990): Metaphor and meaning in psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press.

Simonds, Jennifer; Kieras, Jessica E.; Rueda, M. Rosario; Rothbart, Mary K. (2007): Effortful control, executive attention, and emotional regulation in 7–10-year-old children. In Cognitive Development 22 (4), pp. 474–488. DOI: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2007.08.009.

Sloman, Steven A. (1996): The empirical case for two systems of reasoning. In Psychological Bulletin 119 (1), pp. 3–22. DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.119.1.3.

St Clair-Thompson, Helen L; Gathercole, Susan E. (2006): Executive functions and achievements in school: Shifting, updating, inhibition, and working memory. In Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59 (4), pp. 745– 759. DOI: 10.1080/17470210500162854.

Stanovich, Keith E. (2011): Rationality and the reflective mind. New York: Oxford University Press.

Stanovich, Keith E.; West, Richard F. (2008): On the relative independence of thinking biases and cognitive ability. In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 94 (4), pp. 672–695.

Stanovich, Keith E.; West, Richard F. (2014): What Intelligence Tests Miss. In The Psychologist 27 (2), pp. 80–83.

Stanovich, Keith E.; West, Richard F.; Toplak, Maggie E. (2011): The complexity of developmental predictions from dual process models. In Developmental Review 31 (2-3), pp. 103–118. DOI: 10.1016/j.dr.2011.07.003.

Stein, Lynn Andrea (1994): Imagination and Situated Cognition. In Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 6 (4), pp. 393–407.

Tangney, June P.; Baumeister, Roy F.; Boone, Angie Luzio (2004): High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. In Journal of Personality 72 (2), pp. 271–324.

Thompson, Valerie; Morsanyi, Kinga (2012): Analytic thinking: do you feel like it? In Mind Soc 11 (1), pp. 93–105. DOI: 10.1007/s11299-012-0100-6.

Thompson, Valerie A.; Prowse Turner, Jamie A.; Pennycook, Gordon (2011): Intuition, reason, and metacognition. In Cognitive Psychology 63 (3), pp. 107–140. DOI: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2011.06.001.

Thompson, Valerie A.; Turner, Jamie A. Prowse; Pennycook, Gordon; Ball, Linden J.; Brack, Hannah; Ophir, Yael; Ackerman, Rakefet (2013): The role of answer fluency and perceptual fluency as metacognitive cues for initiating analytic thinking. In Cognition 128 (2), pp. 237–251. DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2012.09.012.

Trentacosta,C.J., & Shaw, D.S. (2009): Emotional self-regulation, peer rejection, and anti-social behaviour: Developmetal associations from early childhood to early adolescence. In Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 30 (3), pp. 356–365.

Vohs, Kathleen D.; Baumeister, Roy F.; Schmeichel, Brandon J.; Twenge, Jean M.; Nelson, Noelle M.; Tice, Dianne M. (2008): Making choices impairs subsequent self-control: a limited-resource account of decision making, self-regulation, and active initiative. In J Pers Soc Psychol 94 (5), pp. 883–898. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.94.5.883.

Walker, J. (2015a): A psychological and developmental understanding of affective-social selfregulation. DProf. University of Winchester, UK.

Walker, J. (2015b): A psychological understanding of over-self-regulation. DProf. University of Winchester, UK.

Walker, J. (2015c): AS Tracking: A psychological and developmental understanding of embracing change. DProf. University of Winchester, UK.

Walker, J. (2015d): AS Tracking: A psychological and developmental understanding of self-disclosure. DProf. University of Winchester, UK.

Walker, J. (2015e): AS Tracking: A psychological and developmental understanding of trust of others. DProf. University of Winchester, UK.

Walker, J. (2015f): AS Tracking: A psychological and developmental understanding of trust of self. DProf. University of Winchester, UK.

Walker, J. (2015g): How the AS Tracking assessment measures self-regulation. DProf. University of Winchester, UK.

Walker, J.; Walker, Simon P. (2013): Footprints Cognitive Affective State Tracking. Version 1.3. UK: Human Ecology Education. Available online at

Walker, Simon P. (1996): Relational Truth. Personhood, texts and hermeneutics. UK.

Walker, Simon P. (1997): Challenging Deconstruction: A Look at Persons, Texts and Hermeneutics,. In Churchman 111 (3). Available online at

Walker, Simon P. (1998): Grounding Biblical Metaphor in Reality: The philosophical basis of realist metaphorical language. In Churchman 112 (3). Available online at

Walker, Simon P. (2002): Resistant to Change. The stability of CAS state in adults. Available online at

Walker, Simon P. (2007, 2009): A Brief Introduction to the Theory of Human Ecology. UK: Human Ecology Partners.

Walker, Simon P. (2014a): Activated or Deactivated? The Relationship between Grade Predictions and the Optimal State of Self- Other Trust in Year 10 Students in their Lessons. Centre for Human Ecology Theory. UK. Available online at

Walker, Simon P. (2014b): Becoming Undefended. Developing leaders who are freed from fear. DProf. University of Winchester, UK.

Walker, Simon P. (2014c): Confirmation of Seven Factors which Contribute to Cognitive-Affective State (CAS). Centre for Human Ecology Theory. UK. Available online at

Walker, Simon P. (2014 h.): Educating the self-regulation of bias. University of Bristol. UK. Available online at

Walker, Simon P. (2014 g.): Navigating the world via heuristic bias. Cognitive-affective heuristic biasing contributes to successful navigation of epistemically varied tasks in secondary school. Human Ecology Education, England. Available online at

Walker, Simon P. (2014d): What affect does displaying results of a competitive event have on pupil AS self-regulation? Thomas’s Research Programme. UK. Available online at

Wang, C. (2005): Responses of Human Anterior Cingulate Cortex Microdomains to Error Detection, Conflict Monitoring, Stimulus-Response Mapping, Familiarity, and Orienting. In Journal of Neuroscience 25 (3), pp. 604–613. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4151-04.2005.

White, Peter A. (1988): Knowing more about what we can tell: ‘Introspective access’ and causal report accuracy 10 years later. In British Journal of Psychology 79 (1), pp. 13–45. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1988.tb02271.x.